The global economy will suffer for “years to come” as a result of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic, according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
Angel Gurria, OECD secretary general, told the BBC the economic shock was already bigger than the financial crisis.
He added that recent warnings that a serious outbreak could halve global growth to 1.5% already looked too hopeful.
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Earlier this month, the think tank - an intergovernmental economic organisation with 36 member countries - said that even in a “best case” scenario, there would be a “sharp slowdown” in world growth for the first half of this year as supply chains and commodities are hit, tourism falters and confidence collapses.
However, Gurria has now set aside those earlier forecasts, offering a starker warning. “Even if you don't get a worldwide recession, you're going to get either no growth or negative growth in many of the economies of the world,” he said.
Dismissing hopes that economies would simply bounce back as “wishful thinking”, he added that policymakers from the G20 nations had some weeks ago believed the recovery would take a “V shape” - with a short, stark fall in economic activity followed quickly by an equivalent rebound.
“It was already then mostly wishful thinking,” he said. “I do not agree with the idea of a ‘V’ shaped phenomenon... Right now we know it’s not going to be a ‘V’. It’s going to be more in the best of cases like a ‘U’ with a long trench in the bottom before it gets to the recovery period. We can avoid it looking like an ‘L’, if we take the right decisions today.”
Describing the uncertainty of what is to come, he added: “We don’t know how much it’s going to take to fix the unemployment is because we don’t know how many people are going to end up unemployed. We also don’t know how much it’s going to take to fix the hundreds of thousands of small and medium enterprises who are already suffering.”
The OECD says there should be a four-pronged plan to deal with the coronavirus, including free virus testing, better equipment for doctors and nurses, cash transfers to workers including the self-employed and tax payment holidays for businesses.
The speed and severity of the current market downturn has shocked experts, with the FTSE, Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Nikkei all hit by huge falls since the outbreak began at the end of December.
United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned last week that a global recession, “perhaps of record dimensions”, was a near certainty.
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