Leaked government report reveals what post-Freedom Day restrictions could cost UK

England set to drop face masks and social distancing from 19 July

Boris Johnson meets patients during a visit to the vaccination centre
(Image credit: Alberto Pezzali/WPA Pool/Getty Images)

Retaining even the most lenient coronavirus restrictions after 19 July would have a devastating economic fallout, according to a leaked government impact assessment.

Politico’s London Playbook has seen slides and graphs presented to ministers that “lay bare the stark consequences for businesses” if face masks and other “non-pharmaceutical interventions” remain in place after the final step out of lockdown on so-called Freedom Day.

Some government scientists are calling for a continuation of certain restrictions, but Whitehall officials told the news site last night that the combination of “economic concerns” and “improving health data” mean Boris Johnson “is now looking at lifting almost all measures next month”.

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High to low

According to the leaked findings of the government’s Events Research Programme (ERP), a “high intervention” scenario - where social distancing is scrapped, but mandatory face masks, attendance caps and bans on serving food and drink continue - would be “ruinous” for many businesses, London Playbook’s Alex Wickham reports.

Indoor seated venues were “projected to achieve just 59% of their 2019 turnover”, costing the events industry “around £4.88bn over the next year”, he continues. And indoor non-seated venues would see their income “plummet to just 37% of their 2019 turnover”.

The argument for a total lifting of lockdown measures has been further strengthened by low rates of coronavirus deaths and a slowdown in new cases, which have “boosted confidence that a sizeable summer wave can be avoided”, says The Times.

The prime minister is “increasingly optimistic” about going ahead with his plan to end one metre-plus social distancing and the “rule of six” on indoor gatherings as long as “current trends” continue, the paper reports. Nightclubs are also “expected to reopen” and “the limit on mass gatherings outdoors” will be scrapped too.

The mass reopening of shuttered venues is likely to come as even more of a relief to businesses in the wake of the ERP assessment findings. London Playbook’s Wickham says the leaked documents reveal that even a “medium” level of intervention, in which Covid certification and bans on serving alcohol remain in place, would have “extremely grim” results.

According to the projections, the events industry as a whole would achieve just 78% of its 2019 turnover, dropping to 71% and 48% for with indoor seated venues and indoor non-seated venues respectively.

Retaining “low intervention” measures - “with face masks listed as the only blanket rule” - would still have a “major” impact on businesses too, Wickham continues. The ERP experts predict that in this scenario, the events industry would reach just 82% of 2019 turnover, with indoor venues at 72% and indoor non-seated at 65%.

The assessment was based on information including the results of a survey of 3,810 adults. The poll found that all “interventions significantly decreased demand” for attending events, “with the exception of Covid testing, which actually boosts demand”.

A health official told Wickham that the government knows “how devastating restrictions have been for the live events industry”, adding: “We desperately want to see full theatres, music venues and stadiums and are working every day to achieve this.”

New normal

As well as ending social distancing and mandatory mask wearing, Johnson also plans to drop the recommendation for people to work from home, “leaving it to individuals and employers to make decisions for themselves”, The Times reports.

A “senior government source” told the paper that ministers want to “get as close to normal as possible” from 19 July and that the emphasis would be on “personal responsibility” rather than laws and regulations.

Ministers are feeling increasingly confident as Health Secretary Matt Hancock points to “very, very low” numbers of Covid deaths as proof that the swift rollout of vaccines is getting results. A cabinet source told the Daily Mail that “it’s all over, even if not everyone in government has realised it yet. The link between cases and deaths is broken.”

All the same, says Playbook’s Wickham, “we might be some way off ministers saying that publicly”.

“But it is definitely the case that the combination of deaths so far staying low and the evidence that the vaccine works on the Delta variant has improved the mood in Whitehall significantly, and means many ministers are now much more relaxed about the persistently rising case numbers,” he adds.

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