Goldman Sachs manipulated financial markets, profited from the housing crisis, and misled its clients and Congress, according to a 635-page report released Wednesday by a Senate subcommittee. Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.), the chairman of the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, says some of the findings of the panel's two-year investigation will be referred to the Justice Department for possible criminal or civil action. He calls the investment bank a "financial snake pit rife with greed, conflicts of interest, and wrongdoing." Naturally, Goldman disagrees with many of the report's conclusions and insists its executives did not lie. But could Goldman executives really be prosecuted?
No, there isn't enough new here: "This isn't the first time we are seeing Wall Street's many warts up close," says Colin Barr in Fortune. Levin may see this as "one last chance for U.S. prosecutors to finally reel in the big fish that has eluded them." But as "nauseating" as the findings in the report may be, it's hard to spot specifics that "would rise to the level of a prosecutable offense." The "ambition" of the report is commendable, but don't hold your breath for the indictments to come down.
"Goldman report: Last chance for perp walks?"
No, if history is any indication: The Justice Department has been more cautious about pursuing fraud cases after losing one against two Bear Stearns hedge fund managers, says David Wediner at MarketWatch. The government's "one big success" was getting Goldman to settle a mortage-related fraud case with the SEC for $550 million last year. Otherwise, regulators seem to prefer "letting investors fend for themselves" by filing their own lawsuits.
"Senate bust won't put bankers behind bars"
No, because Congress screwed up: Levin is accusing Goldman execs like CEO Lloyd Blankfein of lying before Congress, but the senators asked the bankers such "tactless and fuzzy" questions that it would be hard to prosecute, says Halah Touryalai at Forbes. And the answers from the Goldman bankers were so confusing that it would be hard to pin them down as being "intentionally evasive."
"Barry Bonds faces jail time while Wall Street execs sit pretty"
Prosecutions matter less than reforms: Prosecuting bankers and punishing those who caused the financial meltdown may satisfy our cravings for justice, but it won't bring about the reform we need, says Douglas A. McIntyre at 24/7 Wall St. Yes, President Obama signed the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act last year. But territorial fights and possible budget cuts mean it's unclear whether the new law will actually work—or be fully enforced. That's the more important issue here.
"Senate 'Anatomy of Financial Collapse' is exciting read"