Rishi Sunak has announced delays and changes to several green policies in a major shake-up of the government's approach to achieving net zero by 2050.
In a press conference on Wednesday, the prime minister revealed a "flurry of U-turns" on climate targets, said The Guardian.
The most significant was a five-year delay to the ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars, meaning a requirement for all new cars to be "zero emission" will not now come into force until 2035. Among other announcements, Sunak also relaxed a 2035 phase-out target for gas boilers, introducing an exemption for the poorest households.
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In his speech, Sunak claimed his "pragmatic" approach would still allow Britain to reach its 2050 target for net zero carbon emissions, without landing households with unnecessary bills of "£5,000, £10,000 or £15,000".
The changes come as Sunak "seeks to create dividing lines with opposition parties ahead of a general election", which is expected to come next year, said the BBC.
What did the commentators say?
Britain's net zero ambitions are "noble", said the Daily Mail, but it has become "glaringly obvious" that the "breakneck speed" with which successive Conservative governments have pursued net-zero targets "will prove ruinously expensive". It will be ordinary citizens and businesses "already groaning under a heavy tax burden and the cost of living" that will "inevitably be clobbered by the costs and inconveniences" of these "draconian" targets, said the paper.
In pushing back the dates of some green targets, Sunak has injected "a badly needed dose of common sense" into the climate change programme, shattering the "cosy consensus" of the "out-of-touch Westminster elite" who think they can "bully a compliant public into footing a mind-blowing climate bill".
In taking the "red pen" to some of the UK's flagship green targets, Sunak is hoping to make net zero a "wedge issue" ahead of next year's general election, said Politico.
Labour has made the green agenda the heart of its offering to the public, but Sunak seems to have "spied a potential advantage in presenting his government as the pragmatic defenders of ordinary voters struggling through a grinding cost of living crisis".
And on some of the specifics, Sunak could find support. According to YouGov polling on Wednesday, 50% supported delaying the petrol and diesel car ban, versus 34% who were against. Yet the public consistently back the government's goal to reduce carbon emissions to net zero by 2050, leaving pollsters doubtful there are any significant electoral gains to be made from seemingly "rowing back on the green agenda", said Politico.
Climate change experts, too, are "sceptical" about Sunak's claims that the UK can reach net zero by 2050 "without having to inconvenience the general public", said the Financial Times. Christian Brand, a professor in transport, energy and climate change at the University of Oxford, said the delay to the ban on petrol and diesel cars "would increase emissions from the sector by hundreds of millions of tonnes of carbon", making meeting the UK's medium-term carbon targets close to "impossible".
And Sunak's most contentious policy change – delaying the ban on the sale of new diesel and petrol cars from 2030 to 2035 – has "infuriated" some carmakers. In a speech on Wednesday, Lisa Brankin, chair and managing director of Ford UK, said the 2030 target had been a "vital catalyst" for the company to decarbonise production. "Our business needs three things from the U.K. government: ambition, commitment and consistency. A relaxation of 2030 would undermine all three," she said hours before Sunak's announcement.
Sunak's intervention puts Labour and the Tories "at loggerheads" on climate going into the next election, said Sky News' deputy political editor Sam Coates. Climate politics "will now inevitably get much uglier", he said. But the press conference not only "set out a new approach to the climate," but "a new argument about himself", added Coates.
Sunak is attempting to cast himself as someone who can "put aside party politics and can take emotion out of heated subjects". It is "quite a claim", said Coates, and the PM needs to take the public on a "big journey" in a small amount of time.
But with business leaders openly attacking him for destabilising industries, and some "blue-on-blue violence as Tory MPs reacted badly to the U-turn", the "kinetic" response to his announcement "may jar with his image".
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