Venezuela inflation to hit 1,000,000% by year’s end

Calls to ‘dollarise’ the country likely to fall on deaf ears as country nears collapse

Students take part in a protest against Venezuelan President Nicola Maduro in Caracas
(Image credit: Juan Barreto/AFP/Getty Images)

A top UN official has warned that Venezuela is on the verge of turning into an “absolute disaster of unprecedented proportions” after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicted the inflation rate in the country could reach 1,000,000% by the end of the year.

Venezuela has been suffering a dramatic economic collapse since oil prices nosedived nearly four years ago and authorities have refused to enact economic adjustments. “A number of price and exchange controls only added to the distortions” says Bloomberg.

Alejandro Werner, head of the IMF’s Western Hemisphere department, forecasts the economy to shrink 18% in 2018, the third consecutive year of double-digit contractions, as oil production falls significantly.

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Writing in a blog post for Bloomberg subscribers, Werner compared the current crisis to that of Germany in 1923 or Zimbabwe in the late 2000s, adding: “The collapse in economic activity, hyperinflation, and increasing deterioration in the provision of public goods as well as shortages of food at subsidised prices have resulted in large migration flows, which will lead to intensifying spillover effects on neighbouring countries”.

The New York Times reports that “on the streets of Caracas, the capital, prices have skyrocketed to levels so high that many vendors now refuse to take bolívars bank notes, the national currency, because their value is eroding so fast”.

Store owners guess the prices they should be charging for goods, restaurant menus change weekly, and the price of the dollar, sold on the black market, has reached 3.5 million bolivars.

It follows a two-decades long mass exodus that has seen between 4 and 5 million Venezuelans leave the country since 1999, “one of the biggest population moves in Latin American history”, says the Daily Express.

While blaming the dire economic situation squarely on the socialist policies of Venezuela’s President, Nicolas Maduro, and his predecessor Huge Chavez, Steve Hanke of the Johns Hopkins University and one of the world's leading experts on hyperinflation, says Venezuela's hyperinflation could stop today, if the country adopted the dollar.

“Dollarise the economy officially” he says. “Hyperinflation would stop within a few minutes. It would be over. The thing would turn around on a dime”.

CBN News says “it is not clear if President Maduro would ever allow a switch to the dollar” even thought he has taken measures to stem the tide.

On Tuesday, the president, who survived an alleged assassination attempt earlier this month, announced he would be ending some fuel subsidies.

Like most oil producing countries, Venezuela has “for decades subsidised fuel as a benefit to consumers, but its fuel prices have remained nearly flat for years despite hyperinflation”, says the Daily Telegraph.

This means that for the price of a cup of coffee, a driver can now fill the tank of a small SUV nearly 9,000 times, creating huge incentives for smugglers.

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