The United States took another step toward entering the Ukraine war Tuesday night. In a 368-57 vote, the House of Representatives approved an additional $40 billion in aid for the embattled nation. Combined with a $13.6 billion package signed yesterday but passed several weeks ago, that's more than $50 billion in just a few months.
Even for the federal government, $50 billion is a significant amount of money. By comparison, it's over half the annual budget for the Department of Homeland Security. In fact, Congress beefed up the appropriation by more than $7 billion over the Biden administration's original request. The result will make Ukraine the largest recipient of U.S. aid this year by a factor of ten.
The money's not the main reason for concern, though. It's more important that the bill was delivered just hours before the vote and was passed with minimal debate. Rep. Chip Roy (R-Texas) was among the few to dissent on the floor, noting that he'd barely had time to review the contents. For most members, the vote was a rare opportunity for bipartisan self-congratulation.
That's not good enough for a measure that increases American involvement in a conflict with another nuclear power. Along with reports that U.S. intelligence has assisted Ukrainian efforts to target Russian generals, the aid package brings the United States closer to the status of a co-belligerent. The risks of a direct military clash with Russian forces are still low. But the situation increasingly resembles the one in Yemen, where the U.S. has provided varying measures of intelligence, logistical, and material support for Saudi operations since 2015. (In February, the Biden administration announced it would provide only defensive aid — which may be a distinction without a difference.)
Repelling aggression is a classic just cause, but it's worth remembering that Ukraine is not a treaty ally of the United States. The president and Congress have a duty to explain choices about whether and how to assist Ukraine to the public — especially when the risks of escalation are so high. In exchange for the $50 billion, with more requests likely to follow, our elected leaders owe us a serious debate about what the money will buy, what they hope to achieve, and how they plan to respond if events take a turn for the worse. The stakes are too high to leave our fate to sleepwalkers.