February 16, 2016
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Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia served from his appointment in 1986 until his death Saturday. But if former House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) had his way, Scalia would've stepped down from his post in the '90s.

As Boehner wrote Monday in the Independent Journal Review, he wanted Scalia to join Bob Dole's 1996 presidential campaign ticket as vice president, explaining that Dole needed a buzzy partner if he hoped to defeat Democratic incumbent Bill Clinton:

The solution, I believed, was right in front of us — or more accurately, across the street from my hideaway office in the Capitol, in the chambers of the U.S. Supreme Court. It was a brilliant, engaging, conservative Italian-American justice with a large, Catholic family, with potential cross-generational appeal and the ability to help reconstruct the broad coalition that had made Ronald Reagan president 16 years earlier. It was a pick nobody would have seen coming, and one with the potential to ignite the Dole campaign in a manner no one thought possible. [Independent Journal Review]

Boehner went on to say that in a meeting over a pepperoni and anchovies pizza, Scalia didn't say yes, but he also didn't say no. Ultimately, though, Dole went with former Housing Secretary Jack Kemp. Read the full account here. Julie Kliegman

2:07 p.m. ET
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's latest report on Zika out Tuesday revealed the virus may also cause hearing loss in infants born to infected mothers. A study of about 70 babies with microcephaly in Brazil found that about 6 percent suffered from hearing loss, caused by damage to either the inner ear or the nerve connecting the ear and the brain. Researchers were unable to find any other likely cause of hearing loss, leading the CDC to advise that hearing loss may be another of the health problems caused by the mosquito-borne illness.

Zika has primarily been linked to microcephaly, a birth defect characterized by an unusually small head and an underdeveloped brain. Recently, researchers have also linked Zika to "vision problems and joint deformities," Reuters reported.

The CDC is now recommending that babies exposed to Zika virus are regularly checked for hearing loss after birth. Becca Stanek

1:40 p.m. ET
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Trump Model Management has allegedly profited from illegally using foreigners as models before they were able to secure U.S. work visas, a Mother Jones investigation has found. Trump Model Management would reportedly go as far as to coach girls on how to lie to immigration officials in order to use tourist visas to get into New York, Mother Jones says, despite the fact that such visas do not permit foreigners to work in the United States.

"When you're stuck at immigration, say that you're coming as a tourist. If they go through your luggage and they find your portfolio, tell them that you're going there to look for an agent," one model, "Kate," who spoke anonymously with Mother Jones, recalled being instructed. Another model, "Anna," said she remembered a Trump agency representative telling her to lie on her customs form about where she was going to live and was told, "If they ask you any questions, [say] you're just here for meetings."

Republican nominee Donald Trump has made it a central point in his campaign to prevent foreign workers from being employed illegally in the U.S., and said he would end the H-1B visa program — a program, it just so happens, that Trump Model Management apparently used frequently. "He doesn't like the face of a Mexican or a Muslim," Kate told Mother Jones, "but because these [models] are beautiful girls, it's okay?"

Trump owns 85 percent of Trump Model Management, which he founded in 1995. He has even hand-picked models to sign; Melania Trump briefly worked for the agency in the 1990s. Trump Model Management did not comment to Mother Jones, while Trump campaign spokeswoman Hope Hicks said the issue "has nothing to do with me or the campaign" when questioned.

"[Trump] doesn't want to let anyone into the U.S. anymore," Kate said. "Meanwhile, behind everyone's back, he's bringing in all of these girls from all over the world and they're working illegally." Read the entire investigation at Mother Jones. Jeva Lange

12:42 p.m. ET
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The Germanwings co-pilot who locked the captain out of the cockpit in order to intentionally fly the aircraft into the side of a mountain last year had experienced notable difficulties during training, but was promoted anyway, The Associated Press reports. FBI interviews with Andreas Lubitz's flight instructors reveal that Lubitz failed two tests, including once due to a "situational awareness issue," likely meaning he got distracted by something and stopped paying close attention to the plane. Matthias Kippenberg, the president and CEO of the Airline Training Center Arizona, told the FBI the failure wasn't in itself noteworthy because students are able to retake their tests.

Lubitz was "not an ace pilot," one of his instructors, Juergen Theerkorn said. Lubitz also struggled to divide his attention between instruments on the plane, or concentrate on what was happening outside the aircraft, another instructor said. Lubitz was supposed to begin flight school in Arizona in September 2009, but due to a "long illness," he did not begin until September 2010. German authorities turned down his applications for a pilot medical certificate twice before July 2009 due to his history of depression, a technicality his school apparently hadn't checked.

The flight instructors "admit [Lubitz] failed a check ride due to a loss of situational awareness, which may very well have been caused by the very same anxiety and severe depression which were symptoms of his mental health disorder," Brian Alexander, an attorney representing the families of 150 people who died in the crash, told The Associated Press. Jeva Lange

11:30 a.m. ET
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Apparently it wasn't too late for Justin Bieber to say sorry. Guinness World Records announced Monday night that the pop star's latest album, Purpose, landed him in its 2017 edition not once, twice, but a whopping eight times.

The 22-year-old pop star set world records for the most-streamed track and the most-streamed album on Spotify in a week, with "What Do You Mean?" and Purpose, respectively. He also won records for having 17 tracks on the Billboard Hot 100 at once, having 13 simultaneous new entries on the Billboard Hot 100, and for being the first artist to simultaneously fill the top three spots on the U.K. singles chart.

His other records stemmed from his social media use: Bieber won the record for having the most Twitter followers with 82,235,563, as well as the most YouTube subscribers of any male and the most-viewed YouTube channel. Becca Stanek

10:16 a.m. ET
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On Tuesday, Hewlett Packard CEO Meg Whitman will become the first Republican to publicly campaign for Hillary Clinton. Whitman — previously a top Republican fundraiser, the GOP's 2010 gubernatorial nominee in California, and now a vocal Donald Trump detractor — will meet with business leaders in Denver to discuss the Democratic presidential nominee's proposals for jobs.

While Whitman is far from the only Republican to throw her support behind Clinton, she will be the first to make an appearance on the campaign trail on Clinton's behalf. Initially, Whitman backed New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie (R) in the presidential primary. Earlier this month, however, she announced she would support Clinton over Trump, who, Talking Points Memo reported, she believes to be a "'demagogue' who has 'exploited anger, grievance, xenophobia, and racial division.'" Becca Stanek

10:03 a.m. ET

Man's best friend actually knows what man is saying, according to a new study out of Hungary on how dogs react to language.

By training 13 family dogs to sit still in an fMRI scanner, the authors of the study discovered that by saying positive words in an excited manner, two different regions of the dog's brain lit up — the left hemisphere, which is connected to the meaning of words, and the right hemisphere, which is connected to how words are emotionally said. The same regions are connected to meaning and intonation in human brains, too.

"Dogs not only tell apart what we say and how we say it, but they can also combine the two, for a correct interpretation of what those words really meant," study author Attila Andics said in a statement.

Perhaps most fascinating of all, the study shows that processing meaning and emotion in separate hemispheres of the brain before tying them together developed in non-primates long, long before people ever began saying, "Who's a good dog?"

"Using words may be a human invention, but we now see that the neuromechanisms to process them are not uniquely human," Andics said. Jeva Lange

9:34 a.m. ET
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Constant fundraising requests combined with enthusiastic supporters led to more than 1,500 donors contributing more than was legally allowed to the Bernie Sanders campaign, The Atlantic reports. "It's very similar to what drug dealers use or casinos use to get people to continue to play," Timothy Fong, the co-director of the Gambling Studies Program at UCLA, said of such fundraising requests, which incite urgency and impulsiveness.

Sanders' campaign was built on grassroots support, and it drew in many people who had never donated to a political campaign before and who perhaps didn't fully understand the federal laws or lost track of how much they had contributed. Many who donated did so frequently, and without an awareness of the $2,700 limit for individual contributions to a campaign.

The FEC requires that campaigns send refunds for any donation in excess of the legal limit within 60 days, and according to its federal filings, the Sanders campaign has issued more than $5 million in refunds. But several of the largest "over donors" to Sanders said they never received checks the campaign reported that it sent to them late in the spring, in some cases for several thousand dollars. "Are you kidding me? I barely even received a thank you from the campaign," said Annamarie Weaver of Chicago when I informed her that, according to records on the FEC website, the Sanders campaign had issued her a refund of $3,617 on May 1 and another one for $500 on May 31. "That's complete bulls---." [The Atlantic]

By comparison, President Obama had only refunded $1.5 million by the end of July in 2008. This year, Hillary Clinton's campaign has refunded $3.4 million so far. Jeva Lange

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