As the dust settles after David Cameron's appointment as foreign secretary, the former Tory leader's track record on the world stage is now under scrutiny.
His legacy as prime minister "is riddled with controversy", said The Guardian's political correspondent Ben Quinn, particularly citing "his triggering of the biggest shift in Britain's foreign relations" since the Second World War.
Cameron, indeed, comes to the role "with some baggage", added BBC News diplomatic correspondent James Landale. He does, however, "bring political heft to the Foreign Office" and "may be seen by allies as a grown-up they can do business with".
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As Cameron readies himself to tackle the foreign policy challenges of 2023 and beyond, The Week takes a look at his foreign policy record in detail.
Cameron urged the UK and the US to join France in launching military action in Libya in 2011, "to halt what he feared would be a 'Srebrenica-style slaughter'," said The Times's chief political correspondent Aubrey Allegretti. This led to the overthrowing of dictator Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, "but left a near failed state in its wake", said BBC News, while critics delivered "damning verdicts" on his intervention, added The Guardian.
The foreign affairs select committee found in 2016 that the intervention was carried out "with no proper intelligence analysis", and "shirked a moral responsibility to help reconstruct the country", said The Guardian.
The report concluded Cameron "must bear the responsibility for Britain's role in the crisis", added Al Jazeera, and The Times described the action as "a millstone round Cameron's neck".
A photo of Cameron and China's President Xi Jinping "enjoying pints of IPA" became the "defining image of his government's attempts to court Beijing", said The Guardian.
Xi's visit to the UK in 2015 was hailed as the start of a "golden era" of relations, but The Times's Allegretti said the former prime minister's approach to China will be "the greatest pivot Cameron will have to perform".
This is because Western relations with China "have grown frostier", with Rishi Sunak saying last year that "the so-called 'golden era' is over". The change is in light of Xi's "attempts to suppress democracy in Hong Kong" as well as "preparations for an invasion of Taiwan", said Quinn. Among his duties, the new foreign secretary will, in particular, need to tackle "China's plan to secure global technological dominance", Allegretti continued.
Cameron has "no regrets" about calling the 2016 EU referendum, but Britain's influence on the world stage has "never been the same since", said The Guardian's Quinn. Moreover, EU officials were "irritated by" his attempts to renegotiate the UK's relationship with the bloc.
He's also remembered "as the man who caused Brexit to save his own government", one senior EU source said, adding "he is so much discredited and no one will be keen to deal with him".
The Middle East
Cameron previously called Gaza "a prison camp" and has "advocated for a two-state solution" to the Israel-Palestine conflict, according to Al Jazeera, but has "also been a staunch backer of Israel". Nevertheless, while prime minister, Cameron criticised "Israel's "illegal" settlements" in the West Bank, saying in 2010 that "Gaza cannot and must not be allowed to remain a prison camp."
During a previous conflict in 2014, Sayeeda Warsi, the Senior Foreign and Commonwealth Office Minister and Minister of State for Faith and Communities, resigned as a ceasefire "collapsed" and "accused Cameron's government of taking a "morally indefensible" approach to the conflict". She added that his government's response was a factor "behind the radicalisation of British Muslims".
In 2013, he also lost a Commons vote on whether to bomb Syrian forces after they used chemical weapons, which was "a political failure many believe opened the way" for Russia's greater involvement in the Middle East, said BBC News.
Ever since Putin's invasion of Ukraine in 2022, there have been questions on "whether the West did enough to deter him" in previous years, particularly following Russia's annexing of Crimea in 2014, said The Telegraph.
Arguably though, this is where Cameron was the strongest as he repeatedly warned Putin "he would face "further consequences"" if Russia moved to legitimise Crimea's separation from Ukraine, and when he pushed for tougher measures, "he clashed with Angela Merkel, who resisted his call", said The Telegraph. Britain then introduced an arms embargo and demanded that "Russia be kicked out of G8 meetings", before suspending contact between ministers and Russian counterparts.
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