Austria is eating everyone's lunch
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Wow, Austria! In this chart, the X's represent union membership, while the blue bars represent coverage — people who are covered by a union contract. Bruenig comments:
This is just one example, but it gets at the core of the problem with Soltas' approach here. He endeavored to answer the union question with wonk-economics methods...[But] as best as I can tell, all of these countries are on the globe, yet somehow the fundamental economic forces of globalization and technology have affected them in very different ways. Again, this points to the dominant role a country's political economy plays in how its labor market institutions are structured. [Demos]
Though one does wonder how Japan and New Zealand have coverage that is lower than membership. Shouldn't that be impossible?
UPDATE: On Twitter, Bruenig kindly provides the answer. Turns out that part of calculating the coverage rate includes subtracting workers who aren't allowed to engage in collective bargaining (some public sector workers, in some countries, for example). Thanks Matt!